wonder at the marvel of taking a photograph and sharing it with a friend. These processes are ingrained and simple. The devices we use are all around us, they are ubiquitous and the outcomes obtainable. Technology‘s presence in education should be no different. I despair at the complexity of some tasks that should be ingrained in us. Creating voice memos, editing pictures, creating video, sharing and collaborating with your colleagues on a global scale. Tasks like these can assist the teaching and learning process, these workflows can aid in the retention of information. Ultimately these tasks will be expected of students as they enter university and the workforce. Borrowed from Dr Rueben Puentedura the term “Transformation” as a result of technology adoption, is a stage you want to aim for in your journey.
Modification Tech allows for significant task redesign
The SAMR model
Dr Puentedura hit on a model with which you should be familiar. This is a system you can use to measure your application of technology, or its level of use.
The first level is the lowest level of use: Substitution
Technology acts as a direct tool substitute with no functional changes. A common example is a typewriter being exchanged for a word processor (albeit with a screen) and being used in exactly the same way. No cut and paste, no spell check, just direct substitution.
Augmentation Tech acts as a direct tool substitute, with functional improvement
The next level: Augmentation
At this level you are using the same tool with some functional improvement. Improvements may include the spell check or instant dictionary definition, cut/paste and placement of images etc. Already at this secondary stage we are seeing a much higher level of productivity from the individual.
Substitution Tech acts as a direct tool substitute, with no functional change
Podcasts on iTunes U: http://tinyurl.com/aswemayteach Diagram 2 fundamental task at its heart**. Is this the best way to perform the task? The Redefinition level will use available technology to completely redesign tasks. We are no longer producing a simple report. Information that would original have been compiled by an individual could now involve many contributors; collaborating in real time on the same document. An example might be to use a public document on Google Docs allowing for instant global collaboration on the project. The project could include photographs, graphics, even video, added from many different devices. Spreadsheet calculations will cascade through a document and be available for all decision makers in a moment. Immediately the task has seen the removal of multiple steps, and many more users are viewing and editing the document, increasing communication, accuracy, and productivity. Applying this model into education is having astounding results. It is a fairly simple idea but one that has really helped me to evaluate where I am at, and what I could be achieving. But it can also be used to gauge you school’s level of technology use, and to measure the success of your investment. All too often I hear, “But this is the way that we have always done it!” And that is the statement that you may come across as you move from modification to redefinition and try to change the actual task at hand. But I
The third level: Modification
This level slightly alters (but doesn‘t change) the task at hand. For example, previously, your typewriter was being used to produce a text report. But now we have additional technology tools available, we could create the report in a spreadsheet. This would allow you to automatically calculate sums and create graphs for immediate visualisation of the information. We may choose to email the spreadsheet to colleagues instead of print it. Our report (previously a fixed paper document) has now seen significant task redesign. This results in substantial productivity increase.
The fourth level: Redefinition
At this levsel, we look beyond ways of just modifying the process **which still has the
Already at this secondary stage we are seeing a much higher level of productivity from the individual
Education Today – Term 4 2012
Redefinition Tech allows for the creation of new tasks, previously inconceivable